Samra Notre Dame University samra ndu. This paper studies the various factors and characteristics featured in a multi-cultural school environment. It attempts at identifying the problematic areas of cultural conflict arising mainly from student and teacher backgrounds.
Walid Phares In fact, multiculturalism as applied to the human community that forms the Lebanese citizenship is simultaneously simple and complex. The factual multiplicity is complex because its composing elements are numerous and diverse.
The factual multiplicity is simple because it stems from clear and evident roots that can be easily separated from any secondary suspicious facts that mingle or interact with it. If we observe objectively the basic transformations that have taken place within the Lebanese environment, we find that the prime mover of these transformations is the presence of two main communities on the territories of what we call the Lebanese Republic.
The two basic communities are Christianity and Islam; or, in more clear terms, the Christians and the Moslems.
Evidently, we cannot speak about multiculturalism unless we have, at least, two basic communities. If we complete our objective observation, we find that this prime mover, that is, the presence of two communities on a specific land had interacted for hundreds of years according to a single pattern and in a one manner: Thus, to properly understand the reality of this event and continue with a fair and serious scientific research, we must review its history.
The engine cannot run without its fuel; that is without Islam and Christianity. We can watch the running of the engine through history by reviewing the history of Christianity and Islam.
What we are concerned with here is the history of the two communities from the time they met in our area, and on our land in particular, and not the separate history of each community over the ages. We consider that the spread of Christianity in the East started in 64 A.
But it was not established in the Old World that includes our area until the end of the third century when Christianity was declared by the Roman Emperors as the official religion of the state. Christianity survived in the Mediterranean world and spread to Europe for centuries.
Islam came from the Arabian Peninsula in the seventh century and was immediately confronted with Christianity in the East. Thus, the established date of their meeting in our area is since thirteen centuries, that is, since the Arab occupation of the Middle East. The birth of Multiculturalism in Lebanon may be considered a result of this meeting.m.
reinkowski: ottoman multiculturalism? in the Mountain. 31 The suppressing of the Ottoman past in the Lebanese public might be in this sense another con8ociationalist.
Lebanon is aesthetically beautiful with its lush greenery and seemingly endless miles of coastline flirting with the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean Sea. In a region known for its vast deserts, Lebanon is certainly a strange exception.
Living in ultra modern Beirut, it is easy to forget that the country has been plagued by war for generations. Keywords: diversity, multiculturalism, schools, school administrations Multicultural Education Management in Lebanon 3 Practical Recommendations for Multicultural Education Management in Lebanon Sami K.
Samra Introduction The Lebanese society is . Published: Wed, 11 Jul Lebanon is a country with a long history which made it what it is today, a multicultural country.
In a book called ‘Geopolitique du conflit libanais’ by Georges Corm, written in French, the Lebanese situation and how it got to the state it is now culturally is explained. “Al-Taadudiya Fi Luban” Pluralism in Lebanon. Kasleek University. Lebanon * Dr Walid Phares is a professor of Middle East Studies and Ethnic Conflict at Florida Atlantic University.
He is the author of several books and academic articles on Lebanon, the Middle East and Mediterranean Societies.
Multiculturalism In Lebanon By: srmvision.com Phares In fact, multiculturalism as applied to the human community that forms the Lebanese citizenship is simultaneously simple and complex.