Arab slave traders and their captives along the Ruvuma river in today's Tanzania and Mozambique19th-century engraving. David Livingstone wrote of the slave trades: To overdraw its evils is a simple impossibility We passed a slave woman shot or stabbed through the body and lying on the path.
South Seas whaling painting detail A European outpost James Belich in Making Peoples described how in the 18th and 19th centuries, Europe exploded outward in one of the most incredible expansions in human history.
This European explosion first impacted on New Zealand in the closing decade of the 18th century when sealers and whalers began to arrive in their hundreds seeking to exploit local resources.
They encountered a Maori world. Contact was regional in its nature; many Maori had no contact with Europeans. Where contact did occur, Europeans had to work out a satisfactory arrangement with Maori, who were often needed to provide local knowledge, food, resources, companionship, labour and, most important of all, guarantee the newcomers' safety.
Maori were quick to recognise the economic benefits to be gained in developing a relationship with these newcomers. Much of this contact 'was strained through Sydney first'.
Known variously as Botany Bay or Port Jackson, the Australian port became the hub of the South Pacific's whaling and sealing industries and received the bulk of New Zealand's early trade.
The New Zealand fur seal and the humpback, sperm and southern right whales, which migrated through New Zealand waters on their seasonal journeys to and from Antarctica, proved easy targets for the sealers and whalers who arrived in —2.
Maori and whaling Some Maori joined whaling vessels as crew and Sydney became the most visited overseas destination for Maori. The whaling ships offered the opportunity to travel and thus the great New Zealand tradition of the 'OE' was born.
There were, however, instances of Maori being poorly treated on some of these ships. Maori also played a major role in shore whaling, many going on to become boat steerers and headsmen, or set up their own stations.
In Hawke's Bay the stations depended heavily on Maori labour, making the relationship between Maori and Pakeha whalers one of mutual respect and equality. Prominent Ngati Kurukuru chief Tiakitai had, for example, served as the patron of Morris's Rangaika whaling station until his death inbringing it under his protection.
Maori, in exchange, gained access to goods, money and work. The importance of Maori patrons diminished as the European population grew. Maori were pushed to the economic and political margins. The war in the Bay of Islands —6 was partly a response to the loss of trade that resulted from the shifting of the capital to Auckland.
In January the house of William Edwards, the owner of the Putotaranui whaling station, a few kilometres south of Rangaika, was burned down, killing his infant son. Edwards believed this was the work of local Maori upset at the Pakeha taking advantage of them.
The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.Ruatara of Nga Puhi welcomed Samuel Marsden and the Church Missionary Society upon their arrival in I will examine in this essay the developments that took place between Maori and the sealers, whalers, traders, missionaries and official contact in this period and prove why the consequences were largely beneficial for the Maori.
Mar 20, · Impact of the Ocean Whalers. The whalers also introduced disease to the local Maori, the most obvious being the STD’s that were spread amongst the ships girls. This led to a fall off in fertility. Other diseases also spread, but as has been noted New Zealand ’s distance from the rest of the world had one advantage.
Māori and whaling. All images & media in this story. Whalebone club.
George Toms. Pouring whale oil. Visiting whalers also had a profound impact on Māori society. Especially in the Bay of Islands, whalers’ demands for potatoes and pork provided an early trade opportunity for Māori. Sealers and whalers in New Zealand waters. "One White Man I Like Very Much” Intermarriage and the Cultural Encounter in Southern New Zealand, as well as tribal politics.
Sealers, whalers, and traders were quickly managed by Māori throughout the s and s, and numerous alliances, both economic and social, arose in this era across the country. Just as marriage is a.
Traders and Settlers. In two ships, the Rossana and the Lambton arrived with around 50 potential immigrants. This expedition was organised by the first NZ Company.
However after spending almost a year in NZ and travelling the full length of the country with a number of stops the ships left NZ without establishing a settlement.
“Friendly relations between the two races were soon established”? in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Maori Studies Victoria University of Wellington 2 Table of Contents ABSTRACT 4 history as well as in the context of the Treaty of Waitangi and its impact .