Raising native goats for meat production

In her Message, Mayor Hon.

Raising native goats for meat production

Developing a Health Program New producers, in their excitement to start, often over look the importance of developing a strong health program for their herd.

This begins with the selection of animals from healthy herds and is absolutely necessary for successful long-term herd survival. When establishing a herd, all producers should make every effort to purchase animals from herds that are free of Foot Rot, Caseous Lymphadenitis CLCaprine Arthritis-Encephalitis CAE and other transmissible diseases.

All purchased animals should be quarantined away from the rest of the herd for an observation period of at least four weeks upon arrival at your farm.

This allows you to treat them for internal parasites and to learn of any serious disease problems before exposing your herd to them. Goat Management and Health Tasks Any successful goat producer keeps up with day-to-day management tasks, and does them properly.

Can you care for bucks even during the non-breeding season? Can you handle a doe properly before and after kidding? Can you assist her as needed or recognize more serious problems?

What do you do with a newborn kid? Do you know the basics? Do you know about the weaning process? Can you recognize the important diseases?

Do you have a vaccination schedule? Every goat has parasites. Can you set up an effective parasite control program? Do you know how to do this? It can be hard on your back!

For more information on health problems with goat, visit the American Meat Goat Association website. Feeding Goats Goats are efficient users of low quality forages to produce meat and milk, requiring less corn and processed feeds than other species.

In fact, they can get a larger portion of their nutrients from pasture and hay than most other animals. Goats forage on a broader range of plants than other livestock. They can usually survive well on poor or fair grazing areas as long as there is sufficient grazing material because they are proficient at selecting the most nutritious parts of the plant.

They are excellent browsers and forage from the top down which make them efficient biological controls for weeds while substantially increasing vegetative cover of favorable grass and legume species.

The forage may, at certain times, be supplemented with grains or other concentrated feeds to meet nutritional requirements, especially for does during late pregnancy or lactation. Mineral or salt combinations are also available. The trace elements iodine, cobalt, and selenium are deficient in feeds grown in the Midwest, so mineral supplements are needed.

You should have your hay analyzed for nutrient content so you can adjust your feeding plan accordingly. A beginning goat producer must decide whether harvested forage should be purchased or produced.

Can you harvest any of your forage for hay for winter feeding? Suppose you have 20 acres, of which 5 acres are rough poor pasture and will produce about one ton H. This equals a total estimated H. So in this example, you should have enough forage for about 55 does.

This method is, of course, only an estimate.

Raising native goats for meat production

But it is a quick, easy and a reasonably accurate method to evaluate your land resources for goats. Remember that about half of the forage production would be consumed as pasture and the rest as harvested forage in the winter.

Farmers who are adding on a goat enterprise probably already have the production capability needed, but others may be wise to purchase hay. If you start with 50 or fewer does and only 15 or 20 tons of hay are required, purchasing hay seems reasonable. Whatever feed system you decide on, remember that any investment in harvesting equipment must be paid for by the goats.

A small herd cannot cover the costs of large tractors, forage harvesters, and other major equipment. The University of Illinois has a program titled "Illini Graze" to help producers estimate the amount of forage they have available on their farm.

To purchase one of these, contact Dean Oswald ator email at oswaldd uiuc.of income from raising goats, such as breeding stock sales, sales of excess males for meat production. Boer goats were first imported to the United States in , from New Zealand.

Guide to Raising Healthy Goats (A). Boer goat is a highly meat productive goat breed which originated from South Africa. They are of very big sized goat among the other popular meat goat srmvision.com also produce milk highly, but mostly suitable for meat production.

If you are raising goats for meat, you don't need to buy a show goat—in fact, you shouldn't. Show goats and meat goats are raised in completely different ways. And you don't need to buy registered srmvision.com meat producers find it ideal to find a good, full-breed buck and breed him with mixed-breed nannies.

Raising native goats for meat production

Goats made for meat production are bred to be large and reproduce often. The larger the goat, the more meat it will yield. The more goats bred for meat, the more meat the farmer will produce as well.

Knowing the proper breed of goat for the job is essential. Some goats are better for different goals. “Kiko” means “meat” in Maori (a native language in New Zealand), and the Kiko goats are exceptional meat goats. They produce vigorous, fast-growing kids that reliably raise to weaning due to excellent maternal instincts, and require little producer input, supplemental feed, or medical care.

An increasing demand for goat meat, spurred by a growing ethnic population in Chicago and throughout the state, has demonstrated a need for increased commercial meat production. In addition, importation of new breeds has stimulated a breeding industry which needs herds to produce purebred breeding stock as well as animals for exhibition.

18 Best Goat Breeds for Milk and Meat Production