Martin Junge, as part of a joint commemoration that celebrated the Reformation. While the choice of Lund was related to its being the place where the Lutheran World Federation began inthe celebration set in relief just how deep the ecumenical challenges are.
Church gradually became a defining institution of the Roman Empire. There was however a central ecclesiastical power in Rome, the Catholic Church. In this power vacuum, the Church rose to become the dominant power in the West.
The Church started expanded in the beginning 10th century, and as secular kingdoms gained power at the same time, there naturally arose the conditions for a power struggle between Church and Kingdom over ultimate authority.
In essence, the earliest vision of Christendom was a vision of a Christian theocracya government founded upon and upholding Christian valueswhose institutions are spread through and over with Christian doctrine.
In this period, members of the Christian clergy wield political authority. Medieval europe papal reformation essay specific relationship between the political leaders and the clergy varied but, in theory, the national and political divisions were at times subsumed under the leadership of the Catholic Church as an institution.
This model of Church-State relations was accepted by various Church leaders and political leaders in European history. In the Greek philosopher Plato's ideal state there are three major classes, which was representative of the idea of the "tripartite soul", which is expressive of three functions or capacities of the human soul: Will Durant made a convincing case that certain prominent features of Plato's ideal community were discernible in the organization, dogma and effectiveness of "the" Medieval Church in Europe: For a thousand years Europe was ruled by an order of guardians considerably like that which was visioned by our philosopher.
During the Middle Ages it was customary to classify the population of Christendom into laboratores workersbellatores soldiersand oratores clergy.
The last group, though small in number, monopolized the instruments and opportunities of culture, and ruled with almost unlimited sway half of the most powerful continent on the globe.
The clergy, like Plato's guardians, were placed in authority In the latter half of the period in which they ruled [ AD onwards], the clergy were as free from family cares as even Plato could desire [for such guardians] In the latter half of the period in which they ruled, the clergy were as free from family cares as even Plato could desire.
This authority was also used by local Inquisitions to root out divergent elements and create a religiously uniform community. The conflict between Church and state was in many ways a uniquely Western phenomenon originating in Late Antiquity see Saint Augustine's masterpiece City of God Before the Age of Absolutisminstitutions, such as the Church, legislatures, or social elites,  restrained monarchical power.
Absolutism was characterized by the ending of feudal partitioning, consolidation of power with the monarch, rise of state, rise of professional standing armies, professional bureaucracies, the codification of state laws, and the rise of ideologies that justify the absolutist monarchy.
Hence, Absolutism was made possible by new innovations and characterized as a phenomenon of Early Modern Europerather than that of the Middle Ages, where the clergy and nobility counterbalanced as a result of mutual rivalry.Related Documents: Medieval Europe - Papal Reformation Essay Papal Schism Rough Draft Essay Papal Schism() Jack McKenna 2261 A growing debate between the French and Italian Catholics during the late 14th century prompted one of the largest religious splits in history.
Medieval Europe - Papal Reformation Essay. problem. The papacy itself was corrupted by simony and Roman politics.
While reform had been taking place in the local levels for some time, the papacy was the last part of the Church to be reformed. Medieval Europe - Papal Reformation Essay. problem. The papacy itself was corrupted by simony and Roman politics. While reform had been taking place in the local levels for some time, the papacy was the last part of the Church to be reformed.
The papacy reformation came about through three major popes: Leo IX (), Nicholas II ( After numerous corrupt popes, Leo IX is considered to be the pope that started the papacy reformation.
Ironically, he was appointed pope by his cousin Emperor Henry III. After being coroneted, Leo spent less than six months in Rome traveling through Italy, Germany, France, and as far as Hungary (Blum, ). Essay Medieval Europe - Papal Reformation Words | 7 Pages The papacy reformation came about through three major popes: Leo IX (), Nicholas II (), and Gregory VII ().
Essay on Was the Reformation the Ruin or Salvation of Europe History Was the reformation the Ruin or Salvation of Europe? The reformation was a major historical event that laid out the foundation for fairness and difference.