Symptoms of herpes simplex virus typically appear as a blister or as multiple blisters on or around affected areas -- usually the mouthgenitals, or rectum. The blisters break, leaving tender sores.
In this feature, we look at the latest scientific facts about the two types of herpes simplex virus, as well as social attitudes toward oral and genital herpes. When many people first tell someone they have genital herpes, they start by comparing the infection to oral herpes, or cold sores.
How apt is the comparison? In Herpes simplex type 2 of scientific facts, the social stigma and emotional attitudes surrounding genital herpes can make it hard to compare it objectively with an oral infection that most people casually accept. Following the unspoken assumptions of our society, many people still believe there is a "good" herpes virus-HSV- 1, the usual cause of cold sores-and a "bad" herpes virus-HSV-2, the usual cause of genital herpes.
In this feature, we take a look at HSV- 1 and 2 to see how alike and different the two viral types really are. We asked leading researchers how the two compare in terms of severity, recurrences, and transmission rates. We asked how often each occurs outside its usual site of preference, and how each behaves in the genital area.
We questioned how much immunity having one type orally or genitally provides against getting the second type.
In addition, we looked at the way our society views oral and genital herpes.
What's behind the very different images the two types carry? And what can we do about it?
In an interview, counselors at the National Herpes Hotline suggest ways to help replace judgmental social assumptions with a healthy attitude. Both types infect the body's mucosal surfaces, usually the mouth or genitals, and then establish latency in the nervous system.
For both types, at least two-thirds of infected people have no symptoms, or symptoms too mild to notice. However, both types can recur and spread even when no symptoms are present.
The primary difference between the two viral types is in where they typically establish latency in the body- their "site of preference.
From there, it tends to recur on the lower lip or face. HSV-2 usually sets up residence in the sacral ganglion at the base of the spine. From there, it recurs in the genital area. Unfortunately, many people aren't aware of this, which contributes both to the spread of type 1 and to the misperception that the two types are fundamentally different.
HSV-1 is usually mild, especially when it infects the lips, face, or genitals.
However, in some cases type 1 can recur spontaneously in the eye, causing ocular herpes, a potentially serious infection which can lead to blindness. In very rare cases HSV- 1 can spread spontaneously to the brain, causing herpes encephalitis, a dangerous infection that can lead to death.
HSV-1 is also the usual cause of herpes whitlow, an infection on the finger, and "wrestler's herpes," herpes gladiatorum a herpes infection on the chest or face.
The range and potential severity of HSV-1 infections lead some experts to view the virus as more risky than usually perceived. Like HSV-1, type 2 is usually mild-so mild that two- thirds of infected people don't even know they have it.
Type 2 rarely causes complications or spreads to other parts of the body.Two viruses, herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2), can cause a genital herpes infection. The two viruses are closely related but not identical.
HSV-1 is also the most common cause. Herpes simplex 2 virus causes genital herpes, also known as herpes type 2. The other virus is known as herpes simplex 1 and causes orofacial herpes, also known as sores.
Both herpes viruses can cause sores but the herpes simplex 2 causes sores in the genital area, unlike the herpes simplex 1 virus that causes sores in the facial area, mouth and. Herpes simplex virus type 2 is one of the two types of herpes viruses; it may also be called HSV This virus is the cause of genital herpes wherein the infected person develops sores around his genitals or the skin surrounding his rectum or anal area.
Two viruses, herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2), can cause a genital herpes infection. The two viruses are closely related but not identical. HSV-1 is also the most common cause. The Truth about HSV-1 and HSV we look at the latest scientific facts about the two types of herpes simplex virus, as well as social attitudes toward oral and genital herpes.
The reality? Some 22% of adult Americans from all backgrounds, income levels, and ethnic groups have HSV Like HSV-1, type 2 is usually mild-so mild that two.
Genital herpes (herpes simplex type 2) When you have sores or symptoms do not have sex with uninfected partners.
If you do not have sores or symptoms, use a latex condom to lower the risk of spreading the virus.