In he led a successful military campaign in Corinth and sponsored the establishment of Athenian colonies in Thrace and on the Black Sea coast. After the second Persian invasion of Greece inAthens and its allies throughout the Aegean formed the Delian League, a military alliance focused on the Persian threat. Three years later, a coinage decree imposed Athenian weights and measures throughout the league.
The years from to have been called the Periclean Age. Pericles was the son of Xanthippus, a distinguished statesman and general of aristocratic family probably the Bouzygaeand Agariste, a niece of the famous statesman Cleisthenes, the leader of a powerful clan, the Alcmeonidae.
Pericles received the best education available, studying music under Damon and mathematics under Zeno of Eleaa pioneer in theoretical physics. Eminently fitted for a public career, Pericles chose to follow the example of Cleisthenes and advocate a more advanced democracy.
Champion of Radical Democracy Pericles became prominent first in the law courts, where he prosecuted the leading statesmen and finally Cimon, the leading conservative power. In the Assembly, Pericles advocated hostility toward Sparta and radical constitutional reform at home.
He worked in close association with Ephialtes, an older and more established leader of democratic views.
They were both elected generals for a year sometime beforeand Ancient history of pericles and hiswhen Cimon was the most influential of the generals in office, they made a concerted attack upon him. A crucial decision on foreign policy was in the making—whether to prosecute the war against Persia as the leader of a coalition of maritime states and as the nominal partner of an inactive Sparta, or to attack Sparta, exploit the coalition for that purpose, and make war with Persia a secondary matter.
The issue in home policy was between the status quo, with the Areopagus Council acting as a brake on democratic radicalism, and an unimpeded implementation of majority decisions in the Assembly.
The two issues were inextricably linked not only by past history but also by ideological and material considerations. These issues were to face Athens throughout the life of Pericles, but the fateful step was taken inat a time when Persia was on the defensive and Sparta was crippled by the effects of earthquakes, followed by internal dissension.
This insulting treatment enraged Athens. At this time Ephialtes was assassinated, and Pericles, in his early 30s, became the undisputed leader of the radical democrats. Legislator of Domestic Affairs The political career of Pericles after the ostracism of Cimon divides into two parts.
The first ended inwhen he secured the ostracism of his leading opponent, Thucydides. Pericles also passed further legislation against the Areopagus, introduced pay for political services, and in restricted Athenian citizenship to children of Athenian parentage on both sides.
He was entrusted with special financial responsibilities as commissioner for the building of the Long Walls, linking Athens to the Piraeus, and as commissioner for the building of the Parthenon and the Propylaea on the Acropolis from onward. It is not known how far he was involved in the implementation of the war on two fronts—against Sparta in Greece and against Persia in Egypt, which resulted in a stalemate on land in and a heavy defeat in Egypt in Pericles played a leading part in the critical years following He proposed the recall of Cimon, which resulted in victories over Persia and a truce with Sparta.
Between and Pericles is associated with the renewal of hostilities with Sparta. He began with a diplomatic offensive, offering to all Greek states the freedom of the seas and the celebration of the end of the Persian Wars —an event marking the conclusion of the Peace of Callias with Persia early in In the storm broke: In command of an Athenian army Pericles crossed to Euboea and then rushed back to face the enemy in Attica.
The miracle was never explained, although Pericles was said by some to have bribed the king. In any case Pericles hurried back to Euboea and stamped out the revolt. Peace was obtained in Athens had lost most of its gains, but its empire was recognized. His foreign policy was to suppress any revolt in the Athenian empire and to resist Sparta.Ancient Greek statesman Pericles was born c.
in Athens, Greece. His father, Xanthippus, was a famous general and statesman who came from a wealthy family of aristocrats. Pericles was born in BC into a wealthy political family. His learnings from his family members and his teachers influenced him in such a way that he became one .
Pericles: Pericles, Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides makes clear what a disaster Pericles’ death was for Athens in that those who came after him desired to be popular rather than effective and, in so doing, doomed the city to ruin.
Even though Thucydides admired and supported Pericles, there is no reason to conclude that his claims are simply a form of bias. The period from to is in fact often referred to as the Age of Pericles in Ancient Greek history.
Over the course of his leadership, Pericles organized the construction of the Acropolis and. Pericles maintained close friendships with the leading intellects of his time. The playwright Sophocles and the sculptor Phidias were among his friends. Pericles’ consort Aspasia, one of the best-known women of ancient Greece, taught rhetoric to the young philosopher Socrates.
Pericles himself was a master orator.